punjabi gurmukhi

Sri Guru Arjan Sahib Ji. It is used as the main alphabet to write the Pothohari dialect in Indian Jammu and Kashmir. Sri Guru Angad Sahib Ji. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. You may note that the vowels are divided into five pairs. They are vowels making only one sound. Western Punjabi is spoken by about

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Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. A recording of punuabi text by Asha of Punjabi Hindi Online. Since the Gurmukhi alphabet is phoneticany loanwords which contained pre-existing sounds were more easily transliterated without the need for characters modified with subscript dots. Teachings of the Sikh Gurus: These words contain some sounds which were alien to South Asian languages before the influence of Arabic and Persian, and are therefore represented by introducing dots beneath specific Gurumukhi characters.

It is used as the main alphabet to write the Pothohari dialect in Indian Jammu and Kashmir. Jurchen Khitan large script Sui Tangut. Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. As shown above, the nasal consonants belong to the five different classes of consonants.


State of Punjab, India.

Punjabi/Gurmukhi – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

May also secondarily nasalize the vowel. Retrieved 23 November Nasalisation is produced by directing a substantial part of the breath towards the nasal cavity as the sound is being uttered.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In the firstthree, the punajbi is between a short and long sound, for example between u and oo.

Sri Guru Arjan Sahib Ji. There are two main varieties of Punjabi: This article contains Indic text. The Punjabi tone system is far less complex than Chinese, thebest known tone language.

Learn Punjabi/ Gurmukhi Alphabet | Discover Sikhism

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. But the broad range of contributors to the text produced gurmuohi complex mix of regional dialects.

In the last two pairs distinctionis between closed and open sounds so e is closed and ai is open sounding. Views Read Edit View history.

Shahmukhi alphabet

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. It is more accurate to call the Punjabi writing system a syllabary because each character represents punjai syllable.


At one time there were only thirty-five letters in the Gurmukhi script, but later, five more letters were added in order to accommodate other sounds correctly. Tones are not represented by any letters or symbols in the Gurmukhiscript.

Punjabi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ / پنجابی)

Accessible publishing Braille literacy RoboBraille. This subscript letter is commonly used in Punjabi, [28] not just for Sanskritized words, but also for personal names, some native dialectal words, loanwords from other languages like English, etc. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In Punjabi, there are many Arabic and Persian loanwords. The arrangement of consonants in rows is based on the Devanagari alphabet – each row contains consonants with a common place of articulation but varying in aspiration, voicing, tone and nasalization ; the rows, themselves, are ordered by the place of articulation moving in an outward fashion, beginning with the velar consonants, followed by palatals, retroflexes, dentals and ending at the labials.

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